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Medical News:

Advances in Liver Cancer Research

Source: National Cancer Institute - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Liver Cancer

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Genetics Home Reference: craniofrontonasal syndrome

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Craniofacial Abnormalities

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Heart-Healthy Living

Source: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Heart Disease in Women , Heart Diseases , How to Prevent Heart Disease

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Managing Withdrawal

Source: National Cancer Institute, Tobacco Control Research Branch - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Quitting Smoking

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Live Long in Good Health: Could Calorie Restriction Mimetics Hold the Key?

Source: National Institute on Aging - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Healthy Aging , Nutrition for Older Adults

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What Do We Know About Diet and Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease?

Source: National Institute on Aging - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Alzheimer's Disease

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Tips for Living Alone with Early-Stage Dementia

Source: National Institute on Aging - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Dementia

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Disrupted Speech: Why Do We Stutter?

Source: National Institutes of Health - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Stuttering

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Gut Troubles: Pain, Gassiness, Bloating, and More

Source: National Institutes of Health - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Crohn's Disease , Digestive Diseases , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Stomach Disorders , Ulcerative Colitis

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Blood Proteins Change Across the Lifespan

Source: National Institutes of Health - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Older Adult Health

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Coronaviruses

Source: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Coronavirus Infections

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ClinicalTrials.gov: Post-Lyme Disease Syndrome

Source: National Institutes of Health - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Lyme Disease

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Genetics Home Reference: familial hypercholesterolemia

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Cholesterol , Lipid Metabolism Disorders

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Pancreatic Cancer

Source: Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Cancer in Children , Pancreatic Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov: Learning Disabilities

Source: National Institutes of Health - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Learning Disabilities

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Rash Decisions: How to Deal With Itchy, Red Skin

Source: National Institutes of Health - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Eczema , Rashes

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Going Under: A Closer Look at Anesthesia

Source: National Institutes of Health - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Anesthesia

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Provider Beliefs May Affect Pain Relief

Source: National Institutes of Health - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Pain Relievers

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Understanding Psychosis

Source: National Institute of Mental Health - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Psychotic Disorders , Schizophrenia

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Types of Glaucoma

Source: National Eye Institute - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Glaucoma

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Searching for Words and Answers: A Couple’s Lewy Body Dementia Experience

Related MedlinePlus Pages: Lewy Body Dementia

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Lewy Body Dementia Research Seeks Faster, Earlier Diagnosis

Related MedlinePlus Pages: Lewy Body Dementia

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Types of Refractive Errors

Source: National Eye Institute - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Older Adult Health , Refractive Errors

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Overview of Native American Initiatives

Source: National Cancer Institute Related MedlinePlus Pages: American Indian and Alaska Native Health

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NIH Facilitates First Tribal Data-Sharing Agreement with Navajo Nation

Source: National Institutes of Health Related MedlinePlus Pages: American Indian and Alaska Native Health

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Some Melanomas May Start in Hair Follicles

Source: National Institutes of Health Related MedlinePlus Pages: Melanoma

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Tips for HIV Regimen Adherence

Source: AIDSinfo - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Living with HIV/AIDS

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HIV and Nutrition and Food Safety

Source: AIDSinfo Related MedlinePlus Pages: Living with HIV/AIDS

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HIV: PrEP and PEP: MedlinePlus Health Topic

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: HIV/AIDS , HIV/AIDS Medicines

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Oral Cancer Exam

Source: National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research - PDF Related MedlinePlus Pages: Oral Cancer

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Genetics Home Reference: spinocerebellar ataxia type 36

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Movement Disorders

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Genetics Home Reference: myofibrillar myopathy

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Muscular Dystrophy

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Genetics Home Reference: PGM3-congenital disorder of glycosylation

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Immune System and Disorders

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Genetics Home Reference: mal de Meleda

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Skin Conditions

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Genetics Home Reference: Legius syndrome

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Skin Pigmentation Disorders

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Genetics Home Reference: Kindler syndrome

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Skin Conditions

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Genetics Home Reference: KCNK9 imprinting syndrome

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Developmental Disabilities , Muscle Disorders

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Genetics Home Reference: hypochromic microcytic anemia with iron overload

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Anemia , Hemochromatosis

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Genetics Home Reference: heterotaxy syndrome

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Birth Defects

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Genetics Home Reference: familial hypobetalipoproteinemia

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Lipid Metabolism Disorders

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Genetics Home Reference: CLN5 disease

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Degenerative Nerve Diseases

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Genetics Home Reference: adenine phosphoribosyltransferase deficiency

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Kidney Stones

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Genetics Home Reference: 3p deletion syndrome

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Developmental Disabilities

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HIV: PrEP and PEP

Source: National Library of Medicine What are PrEP and PEP? PrEP and PEP are medicines to prevent HIV . Each type is used in a different situation: PrEP stands for pre-exposure prophylaxis. It is for people who don't already have HIV but are at very high risk of getting it. PrEP is daily medicine that can reduce this risk. With PrEP, if you do get exposed to HIV, the medicine can stop HIV from taking hold and spreading throughout your body. PEP stands for post-exposure prophylaxis. PEP is for people who have possibly been exposed to HIV. It is only for emergency situations. PEP must be started within 72 hours after a possible exposure to HIV. PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis) Who should consider taking PrEP? PrEP is for people without HIV who are at very high risk for getting it. This includes: Gay/bisexual men who Have an HIV-positive partner Have multiple partners, a partner with multiple partners, or a partner whose HIV status is unknown and Have anal sex without a condom OR Have been diagnosed with a sexually transmitted disease (STD) in the last 6 months Heterosexual men and women who Have an HIV-positive partner Have multiple partners, a partner with multiple partners, or a partner whose HIV status is unknown and Don't always use a condom when having sex with people who inject drugs OR Don't always use a condom when having sex with bisexual men People who inject drugs and Share needles or other equipment to inject drugs OR Are at risk for getting HIV from sex If you have a partner who is HIV-positive and are considering getting pregnant, talk to your health care provider about PrEP. Taking it may help protect you and your baby from getting HIV infection while you try to get pregnant, during pregnancy , or while breastfeeding. How well does PrEP work? PrEP is very effective when you take it every day. It reduces the risk of getting HIV from sex by more than 90 percent. In people who inject drugs, it reduces the risk of HIV by more than 70 percent. PrEP is much less effective if you do not take it consistently. PrEP does not protect against other STDs, so you should still use condoms every time you have sex. You must have an HIV test every 3 months while taking PrEP, so you'll have regular follow-up visits with your health care provider. If you are having trouble taking PrEP every day or if you want to stop taking PrEP, talk to your health care provider. Does PrEP cause side effects? Some people taking PrEP may have side effects, like nausea. The side effects are usually not serious and often get better over time. If you are taking PrEP, tell your health care provider if you have a side effect that bothers you or that does not go away. PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis) Who should consider taking PEP)? If you are HIV-negative and you think you may have been recently exposed to HIV, contact your health care provider immediately or go to an emergency room right away. You may be prescribed PEP if you are HIV negative or don't know your HIV status, and in the last 72 hours you Think you may have been exposed to HIV during sex, Shared needles or drug preparation equipment, OR Were sexually assaulted Your health care provider or emergency room doctor will help to decide whether PEP is right for you. PEP may also be given to a health care worker after a possible exposure to HIV at work, for example, from a needlestick injury. When should I start PEP and how long do I need to take it? PEP must be started within 72 hours (3 days) after a possible exposure to HIV. The sooner you start it, the better; every hour counts. You need to take the PEP medicines every day for 28 days. You will have to see your health care provider at certain times during and after taking the PEP, so you can have an HIV screening test and other testing. Does PEP cause side effects? Some people taking PEP may have side effects, like nausea. The side effects are usually not serious and often get better over time. If you are taking PEP, tell your health care provider if you have a side effect that bothers you or that does not go away. PEP medicines may also interact with other medicines that a person is taking (called a drug interaction ). So it's important to tell your health care provider about any other medicines that you take. Can I take PEP every time I have unprotected sex? PEP is only for emergency situations. It is not the right choice for people who may be exposed to HIV frequently - for example, if you often have sex without a condom with a partner who is HIV-positive. In that case, you should talk to your health care provider about whether PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis) would be right for you.

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To Fast or Not to Fast: Does When You Eat Matter?

Source: National Institutes of Health - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Diets

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Staying in the Hospital? Safety Tips for Your Visit

Source: National Institutes of Health - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Patient Safety

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Anxiety: What You Need to Know

Related MedlinePlus Pages: Anxiety

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New NBPA Program Focuses on Mental Health

Related MedlinePlus Pages: Men's Health , Mental Health

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Removing the Stigma from Men's Mental Health

Related MedlinePlus Pages: Men's Health , Mental Disorders

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Veggie Eating Boosted by Tasty Names

Source: National Institutes of Health - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Nutrition

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4 Common Myths and Facts about Stuttering

Related MedlinePlus Pages: Stuttering

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Why Do So Many of My Family Members Stutter? NIH Research in West African Family and Community Helps Identify Stuttering Gene

Related MedlinePlus Pages: Stuttering

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411 on Common Lab Tests

Related MedlinePlus Pages: Laboratory Tests

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How to Help Someone with Anxiety

Related MedlinePlus Pages: Anxiety

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8 Health Questions to Ask Your Family Members: Your Family Medical History May Help You Reduce Risk and Get Help Early

Related MedlinePlus Pages: Family History

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New Study Highlights Need for Diversity in Genomic Research

Related MedlinePlus Pages: Genes and Gene Therapy

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Speaking up About Stuttering: New NIDCD Research Helps Explain a Misunderstood Disorder

Related MedlinePlus Pages: Stuttering

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Reaching Great Heights With Anxiety and Depression: How NBA Star Kevin Love Is Normalizing the Conversation Around Men's Mental Health

Related MedlinePlus Pages: Men's Health , Mental Health

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Self-tuning brain implant could help treat patients with Parkinson’s disease

Source: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Related MedlinePlus Pages: Parkinson's Disease

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Protein affected by rare Parkinson’s mutation may lurk behind many cases of the disease

Source: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Related MedlinePlus Pages: Parkinson's Disease

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Accelerating Medicines Partnership launches data knowledge portal for Parkinson’s disease

Source: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Related MedlinePlus Pages: Parkinson's Disease

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Scientists Work Toward a Rapid Point-of-Care Diagnostic Test for Lyme Disease

Source: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Related MedlinePlus Pages: Lyme Disease

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Tickborne Diseases Are Likely to Increase, Say NIAID Officials

Source: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Related MedlinePlus Pages: Lyme Disease

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The Truth About Holiday Spirits: How to Celebrate Safely This Season

Source: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Alcohol , Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) , Impaired Driving

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Childhood Pancreatic Cancer Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version

Source: National Cancer Institute Related MedlinePlus Pages: Pancreatic Cancer

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Advances in Thyroid Cancer Research

Source: National Cancer Institute - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Thyroid Cancer

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Medical Scans Explained: A Look Inside the Body

Source: National Institutes of Health - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Diagnostic Imaging

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Yoga for Health: Positioning Your Body and Mind

Source: National Institutes of Health - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Complementary and Integrative Medicine

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Peanut Allergy Therapy Loses Effect After Stopping

Source: National Institutes of Health - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Food Allergy

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NIH researchers create new viral vector for improved gene therapy in sickle cell disease

Source: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Related MedlinePlus Pages: Genes and Gene Therapy , Sickle Cell Disease

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What information about a genetic condition can statistics provide?

Source: National Library of Medicine Related MedlinePlus Pages: Genes and Gene Therapy

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The coming of age of gene therapy: A review of the past and path forward

Source: National Institutes of Health Related MedlinePlus Pages: Genes and Gene Therapy

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NIH launches new collaboration to develop gene-based cures for sickle cell disease and HIV on global scale

Source: National Institutes of Health Related MedlinePlus Pages: Genes and Gene Therapy , HIV/AIDS and Infections , Sickle Cell Disease

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Natriuretic Peptide Tests (BNP, NT-proBNP)

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Heart Failure

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Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) Test

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Hormones , Parathyroid Disorders

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Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Addison Disease , Adrenal Gland Cancer , Cushing's Syndrome , Hormones , Pituitary Disorders , Pituitary Tumors

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Cord Blood Testing and Banking

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Blood , Childbirth , Stem Cells

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Liver Function Tests

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Cirrhosis , Fatty Liver Disease , Gallbladder Cancer , Hemochromatosis , Hepatitis , Hepatitis A , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis C , Jaundice , Liver Cancer , Liver Diseases

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Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP)

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Kidney Tests , Metabolic Disorders

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Creatinine Test

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Chronic Kidney Disease , Diabetic Kidney Problems , Dialysis , Kidney Diseases , Kidney Failure , Kidney Tests

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Ceruloplasmin Test

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Wilson Disease

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Opioid Testing

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Opioid Misuse and Addiction , Prescription Drug Misuse , Safe Opioid Use

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Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) Isoenzymes Test

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Anemia , Heart Attack , Infectious Mononucleosis , Liver Diseases , Lung Diseases , Pancreatic Diseases , Pulmonary Embolism

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Ammonia Levels

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Reye Syndrome

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Obesity Screening

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Obesity , Obesity in Children , Weight Control

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Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) Test

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Anemia , Cancer , Heart Attack , Infectious Mononucleosis , Liver Diseases , Pancreatic Diseases

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Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibodies (ANCA) Test

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis , Vasculitis

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Prolactin Levels

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Female Infertility , Hormones , Pituitary Tumors

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Interrupted Memories: Alcohol-Induced Blackouts

Source: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Alcohol

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HIV and Women

Source: AIDSinfo Related MedlinePlus Pages: HIV/AIDS in Women

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Lactic Acid Test

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Metabolic Disorders , Sepsis , Shock

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17-Hydroxyprogesterone

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Adrenal Gland Disorders

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Smooth Muscle Antibody (SMA) Test

Source: National Library of Medicine - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Cirrhosis , Hepatitis

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NFL Quarterback Joshua Dobbs: Alopecia Shouldn't Stand in Your Way

Related MedlinePlus Pages: Hair Loss

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New Maps Feature Makes Drug Disposal Easier and Safer

Related MedlinePlus Pages: Medicines , Prescription Drug Misuse

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Tips for Older Drivers

Related MedlinePlus Pages: Motor Vehicle Safety , Older Adult Health

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Well-Aged Mind: Maintaining Your Cognitive Health

Source: National Institutes of Health - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Healthy Aging , Memory , Mild Cognitive Impairment , Older Adult Health

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Family Health Matters: How Twin Studies Can Help Everyone

Source: National Institutes of Health - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Breast Cancer , Family History

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Millions Taking Aspirin Without Clear Benefit

Source: National Institutes of Health - Related MedlinePlus Pages: Blood Thinners , How to Prevent Heart Disease

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Hydraulic Fracturing & Health

Related MedlinePlus Pages: Environmental Health

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